If I have to work from paper for note-taking, I just carry the Moleskine I usually use and flip to the page of notes I need. Important bits of information I expect to retrieve before fully processing my notes get starred or underlined or highlighted somehow.
If I'm working out of my electronic system, which I prefer, but isn't always appropriate, I open a task for the meeting/podcast/whatever, and add a comment to the task for each piece of information I need to capture. That usually breaks up the notes enough they're easy to turn into individual tasks or store as reference, and I've got the notes available immediately. If I need to share them right away, I just delegate the task with all the meeting notes so they're available to my teammates.